Reflections of Hassan Hanafi Hassanien
I Theoretical analysis.
II Practical experience: Islam and Reconciliation.
A- What is Islam?
The essence of Islam, described by a phenomenologist, may, differ from the factual Islam in the common place. Islam is usually seen as a dogmatic, ritualistic and fatalistic religion. The history of religions may be responsible for this image, given the general theoretical framework of the discipline, derived from particular religions and judging the whole according to some of its parts. Sometimes Islam is connected to violence, sectarianism, back-ward-ness, hunger, drought, and civil wars. Sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists may be also responsible for such an image, based on analogy between de facto and de jure. The factual judgement is not a value judgment. Such phenomena in the Muslim world are due to socio-political circumstances in developing societies, not to Islam as a belief system.The term “ideology” may fit Islam better than the term “religion” in the usual sense. Islam is a system of ideas for understanding the world and changing it. It is a world view, theoretical as well as practical, oriented to conceive and to perform. It is a Universal Code of Ethics, coherent and homogeneous, describing the Ideal de scending to the Real, and the Real ascending to the Ideal, Logos actualizing into praxis, and praxis as a realization of Logos, an active dialectics between Idealism and Realism through action.
Islam can be described more geometrico, in a sketchy and schematic way, and far away from apologetics, as follows:
B- What Reconciliation is about?
Given the essence of Islam, which is Nature, Reason, Man, Transcendence, Free will, Community, Progress and World Affirmation, then reconciliation is easily done. Islam is known as the religion of Tawhid, which means unity or more precisely unification. Islam is against all forms of dissociation or opposition between the two sides of any equation. Religions are usually known by their inherent dualism, even monotheistic traditions in the historical context. Manicheism became in history the religion par excellence, the common denomination in all religions and even in popular traditions.
C- How Reconciliation occurs?
Given the essence of Islam as the theoretical basis of reconciliation, and given the resolution of religious duality in Islamic unity, reconciliation occurs from the inside world to the outside world, from the self to the universe. Reconciliation is the purpose of creed. Shari’a offers the modes as follows:
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